TOJSAT - Volume 8 - Issue 1 - January 2018

Complete Issue's PDF file

 

ACCESSIBILITY FOR INCLUSION AND WELL-BEING IN THE CLASSROOM

Maria Concetta CARRUBA

Show Abstract

Abstract:

This paper is a discussion of technology and teachers preparation about
classroom management, differentiation and inclusion. Recently the role of teaching
and educating the youth has become more difficult then in the past. In the classroom
leave all togheter: students with different approaches to learn, students with
disabilities and special needs or dyslexia. Every student needs a specific approach
to have a good experience at school. The role of teachers is central to promote
inclusion, access, creativity for all and also well-being in the classroom. Every
student deserve a teacher who understand the power of UDL (Universal Design for
Learning) and Technology that allows to every student to overcome their difficulties
determinated by their disabilities. Technology can support teachers to teach more
inclusively and represent a tool to promote effective learn for all. Technology
solutions, in fact, allow to personalize the approach to learning and make the
teaching and learning process more interactive and immersive. When students are
more engaged they are more motivated and, consequently, they perform better.

Hide Abstract

ADOPTION OF PRECISION AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGIES IN DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Sait M. Say, Muharrem Keskin, Mustafa Sehri, Yunus Emre Sekerli

Show Abstract

Abstract:

Precision Agriculture (PA) deals with the fine-tuned management of the agricultural
inputs including, seeds, fertilizers, water, pesticides, and energy to create savings on these
inputs, increase yield, augment profitability and conserve the environment. PA technologies
include soil mapping, variable rate application (tillage, seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, and
pesticide application), yield monitoring mapping, automatic guidance, and autonomous
vehicles. Many factors affect the adoption of PA technologies including features of the farms,
affordability and profitability of equipment, characteristics of the technologies such as
complexity and compatibility, personality and family structure of the farmer, legal affairs, and
institutions offering support on these technologies. The level of adoption is variable in
different countries as well as in different regions in a particular country. The aim of this paper
was to review the studies on the adoption of PA in developed and developing countries and
compare their adoption rates. The PA adoption has an increasing trend in developed countries,
particularly in the US while significant increase is also observed in other developed countries.
Also, PA technologies are introduced in some developing countries including Turkey in recent
years. In both developed and developing countries, auto guidance is more adopted in the last
decade while yield monitoring and variable rate application was more dominant earlier.

Hide Abstract

ADSORPTION OF SUNSET YELLOW FCF ONTO MCM-41

Fatma OGUZ ERDOGAN, Taner ERDOGAN

Show Abstract

Abstract:

MCM-41, one member of the mesoporous molecular sieves M41S family, possesses
a high surface area, high pore volume and a regular hexagonal array of cylindrical pores, which
is largery used in selective adsorption, chemical sensors and nanotechnology. Recently, MCM-
41 has been used to adsorb dye from aqueous solution. Sunset Yellow FCF is used in food,
pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. Many dyes are toxic and carcinogenic and pose a
serious hazard to aquatic living organisms. The adsorption of Sunset Yellow FCF food dye
from aqueous solutions by MCM-41 was studied through adsorption isotherms. The effects of
adsorbent dosage, contact time and temperature were investigated. Langmuir and Freundlich
adsorption models were applied in order to describe the experimental isotherms and isotherm
constants.

Hide Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN RAILWAYS WITH THE AHP METHOD

Yağmur ARIKAN, Ertuğrul ÇAM

Show Abstract

Abstract:

Energy is one of the main issues that determine world politics. Energy efficiency
has become compulsory in recent years. The energy consumed by transportation vehicles
also has a great deal in world energy consumption. Therefore, today, we focus on energy
saving and energy recovery in railway systems, which are frequently used in transportation.
In this study, one of the multi-criteria decision making methods, AHP, was used to
determine that which of the energy consumption factors in the railways is more important.
For this purpose, some methods were chosen such as increased the power level, using of
regenerative energy, using of energy storage systems, speed profile optimization and
efficient driving methods. Also, energy consumption, emission reduction, travel time and
system cost were chosen for AHP criteria. According to these criteria, the most important
factor in energy reduction was obtained as the use of regenerative energy.

Hide Abstract

CARDIAC ARRYTHMIA CLASSIFICATION BY NEURONAL NETWORKS (MLP)

Bochra TRIQUI, Abdelkader BENYETTOU

Show Abstract

Abstract:

Cardiac activity is one of the most important determinants of a patient's condition.
It results in the appearance of several waves on the course of the electrocardiograph: it is the
cardiac signal, the electrocardiogram: ECG. The analysis of the ECG signal and the
identification of its parameters constitute an essential step for the diagnosis. However, a set of
methods and algorithms are developed in view of the importance of this signal and its use in
clinical routine in the diagnosis of cardiac pathological cases. This paper fits into this problem
and proposes a classifier of cardiac arrhythmias by application of neural networks. The results
were validated by ECG signals from the different patients in the MIT-BIH Arrhythmias
database, and given a recognition rate of 94%, this rate of classification exceeds the results
obtained in the literature.

Hide Abstract

COLD METAL TRANSFER (CMT) WELDING TECHNOLOGY

Turhan KURŞUN

Show Abstract

Abstract:

The cold metal transfer (CMT) process basically uses the same system as a Metal
Inert Gas/Metal Active Gas (MIG/MAG) system. The CMT process concentrates on welding
of thin sheet metal products from stainless steel, aluminum (Al), magnesium (Mg), Mg-Al
alloys and dissimilar metals etc. The CMT technology is an alternative to MIG/MAG, providing
advantages, such as reduction of distortions, high welding speed, good tensile performance and
increased productivity. This is mainly due to low heat input, achieved by controlled movement
of the electrode. CMT provides the most stable arc and a complete process regulation. Thus, it
gives better results. In this study, the technology of cold metal transfer welding was
investigated.

Hide Abstract

CONVERSION PROCESS OF VISUAL-RELATED PRAISES OF WOMEN DURING YEŞİLÇAM PERIOD OF TURKISH CINEMA TO VISUAL CODES OF CULTURE AS EMBODIED BY TÜRKAN ŞORAY

Nevin ALGÜL

Show Abstract

Abstract:

Human is a kinesthetic creature first, then auditory and then visual. This order is in
line with the way physical development is accomplished in a mother’s womb. That being the
case, among our sense organs, eye is still the most credible and reliable organ despite all the
perception managements… That is evident in the sayings that are popular in the society such
as “I won’t believe if I do not see it myself” “I believe what my eyes see”. On the other hand,
21st century human has been designed primarily as a visual creature as it has never been before.
Capitalist system has generated a new type of human which is supported also by the creative
side of the digital age: human who obsessively consumes, believes they become anything they
want by consuming, think that consumption is the meaning of their life, who build their selfconfidence
on consumption and therefore who do not think… If they take the time to think,
they will not consume that much; if they take the time to think, they will not be the pawns in
the game of divide and rule. It seems like every medium which is not related to the action of
reading or which reduces the action of reading to the lowest level and which is based on visuality
will become even more prominent in the upcoming years.
So it can be inferred that a human’s rate of interaction with visual materials changes depending
on being less or more mindful. This must be true for the whole world. We cannot claim that
education is the only way that leads to mindfulness. For example there are some literacy trainings
which specifically focuses on certain mediums… Cinema was introduced to Turkey even
before printing, has not been radically interrupted and has been loved a lot. Cinema has naturally
and intrinsically played a positive role in this fast development. It appeals to more than
one sense, primarily sight, which is mostly analyzed once seen and therefore has a universal
language; which alternates between dreaming, delusion and life’s realities and which is independent…
In Turkish cinema of Yeşilçam period, female visuality came first. Visuality is a concept which
encompasses attractiveness for a woman and is equivalent to beauty. Adjectives used for
women such as beautiful eyes, full-figured body, slim waist, long hair are the reflections of the
values of the general society about liking on female artists. One of these artists is Türkan Şoray:
She has enabled conversion of praises of female appearance as embraced and supported also by
women in Turkish culture with her eyes, eyelashes, looks, hair and full-figured body to a cultural
code as done by women.
The purpose of this manifesto is to investigate and present how this process has started, worked
and was converted into codes of visual culture.

Hide Abstract

DETECTING CELLS USING IMAGE SEGMENTATION OF THE CERVICAL CANCER IMAGES TAKEN FROM SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE

Sevcan AYTAÇ KORKMAZ

Show Abstract

Abstract:

In this study, Matlab basic cell processes have implemented normal, benign and
malign cervical cells taken from the Scanning Electron Microscope. These matlab basic cell
process are binary gradient mask, dilated gradient mask, binary image with filled holes, cleared
border, segmented, and outlined original. According to the results obtained after these
operations, a difference has observed for malign image in images obtained from binary gradient
mask, dilated gradient mask process. White space that is obtained after binary gradient mask
and dilated gradient mask process applied to the malignant images were found to be much more
than normal and benign images.

Hide Abstract

DIGITAL STORYTELLING AND TRAINING IN HEALTH CARE SETTINGS

Barbara BRUSCHI

Show Abstract

Abstract:

This article presents a research carried out at a hospital in northern Italy where digital
storytelling (DST) was used for health personnel training. A digital story is a short story
narrated in the first person using multiple languages: images, music, sound and film sequences.
This narrative methodology was chosen to achieve three main objectives: 1) encourage deep
reflection and emotional mediation by the use of more expressive codes; 2) build a collection
of digital stories produced in narrative workshops for training in health care; 3) reduce the
distance between care settings and care users through the online publication of digital stories.
The project phases and the results achieved are discussed.

Hide Abstract

DSM RECOMMENDATION FOR GOVERNMENT OFFICES: MNE APPLICATION

Ayşegül Aksakal, Meral Kılıçarslan, Murat LÜY, Ertuğrul ÇAM

Show Abstract

Abstract:

The demand on electrical energy has been constantly increasing. That can cause more
problems when it is not consumed optimally. In order to avoid the waste of the electrical energy,
new consumption tendencies must be implemented. To implement these new tendencies we
need to know consumers habits and the amount of energy needed. This paper shows a study
that has been conducted on schools in Turkey that are affiliated to The Ministry of National
Education, The energy consumption habit was defined by using load reduction and load
scrolling methods of Demandside Management with the aim to reduce the peak demand and
scrolling the load to the appropriate time. Energy consumption of a given school in a given city
of Turkey was examined in different phases in order to define different levels of electrical
energy consumption specific to each phase. Accordingly, new education curriculum was
proposed to use optimum electrical energy.

Hide Abstract

EDMODO PLATFORM INTEGRATION CHALLENGES ON SECONDARY EDUCATION IN KOSOVO: EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

Erleta ALIHAJDARAJ, Florinda IMERI, Agon MEMETI

Show Abstract

Abstract:

The idea behind this paper starts from the strategic plan for education in Kosovo,
where a key priority for the Ministry of Education and Science is the integration of ICT and
other education tools in teaching and learning process in secondary education. Contemporary
education systems are using different learning platforms to accomplish their tasks effectively
and provide easy access to different learning resources. It has been more than a decade since
the Learning Management Systems are introduced, and it seems to become one of the most
important platforms for increasing the value of learning and teaching process in Kosovo. The
paper shares the experience on the use of Edmodo LMS as a tool for enhancing the quality of
learning and teaching. It addresses the perceived usefulness and challenges regarding Edmodo
as a tool for enhancing students’ learning. Edmodo is a free and secure educational learning
platform, which provides a simple way for teachers to create and manage an online classroom
community. It allows teachers to connect and work with their students anywhere and anytime.
Seeing the importance of using a learning platform, we have conducted a survey, which relies
upon collection of empirical data with an aim to explore the impact and importance and the
challenges of using it in secondary education in Kosovo. In addition, the importance of this
study was to study the factors affecting the effective adoption of LMS by the schools staff and
to propose solutions to help improve future adoption

Hide Abstract

ENVIRONMENTAL-MAFIA. THE ROLE OF LITERATURE IN EDUCATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROJECTS

Alessandro PERISSINOTTO

Show Abstract

Abstract:

The judicial systems of many countries contemplate the notion of "environmental crime".
A crime always involves suffering; then, through the notion of environmental crime, the law
recognizes the existence of a pain inflicted to the entire Earth. A narrative focused on "Environmental
Crimes" allows readers to experience (virtually) this "pain of the planet." The purpose of this
intervention is to illustrate how the thriller, thanks to the identification mechanisms, may contribute
to the formation of an "environmental consciousness" able to feel empathically the planet's pain and
prevent it. In other words, it is assumed that fiction can play an important role in environmental
education projects.

Hide Abstract

FACIAL EXPRESSION RECOGNITION WITH ROBUST FEATURE SELECTION

Ismail OZTEL, Gozde YOLCU, Cemil OZ, Serap KAZAN

Show Abstract

Abstract:

Facial expressions are an important part of human-machine interaction as well as
playing a substantial role in human communication. Since facial expressions are significant
parameters in decision making on such important issues as criminal detection, monitoring the
attention of the driver and patient follow-up, automatic detection of facial expressions via
systems has become a popular subject. In this study, the detection of facial expressions is aimed
by selecting the robust features affecting the detection of emotions in facial images. Face++
SDK is used for locating the facial keypoints. All probable distance data between the points and
ratio data between the lines have been calculated, then the robust distance, ratio and distance +
ratio features affecting the expression detection has been selected by Sequential Forward
Selection (SFS) method. Following this step, each robust feature vectors has been classified
and their success rates have been compared. For classification, Support Vector Machines
(SVM) and k-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) are used. As a result, 91% success rate has been
achieved with 4 robust ratio features on SVM. In our study, in which neutral, surprised, sadness,
angry, happy facial expressions have been analysed, surprised has been predicted right by
100%, happy and angry by 95%.

Hide Abstract

GAMIFICATION: SOFTWARE USAGE ECOLOGY

Carlos J. Costa, Manuela Aparicio

Show Abstract

Abstract:

Gamification is applied in academia and industry and is being studied in the last
years. Gamification is nowadays applied to several areas, such as learning, computer science,
business, marketing, tourism, among others. Research performed till now suggests that its usage
may improve students' and workers' motivation and increase study, productivity and sales.
Nevertheless, there are many forms of implementing, according to each industry. Supported in
the literature, we identified the game components, game mechanics, and game dynamics, used
as part of any gamification implementation. Then, we selected some specific cases in e-learning,
computer program learning, open source software development, and crowdsourcing. Finally,
we list some of the main software employed in this fields, identifying also implemented
features. This allowed us to find the great complexity and variety of implementations. It also
enabled us to find ether practitioners or researcher use the word gamification for a broad range
of approaches.

Hide Abstract

KURDISH RECOGNITION SYSTEM DIGIT

Özlem BATUR DİNLER, Nizamettin AYDIN

Show Abstract

Abstract:

The security problems arising with the developing technology have put secure
systems in quest of being developed with new techniques. The voice processing technology
among these techniques has gained great importance. This situation has directed the reliability
ensuring the man-machine interaction together with the voice processing applications such as
speech recognition, speaker recognition, converting audio to text or converting text to audio to
the design of high and correct systems. In this study, a digit speech recognition system
consisting of the audio examples of digits from 0 to 9 in Kurdish spoken in Turkey was realized.
For this purpose, audio recordings were obtained from 102 adult speakers who speak
Kurdish. The feature vectors of the audio data acquired from these recordings were obtained
with the Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficient by using different windowing methods, and the
success rates were compared by conducting the recognition process with Dynamic Time
Warping according to the feature vectors obtained.

Hide Abstract

REAL TIME SOLID WASTE MONITORING USING CLOUD AND SENSORS TECHNOLOGIES

Eunice Likotiko, Dmitry Petrov, Joseph Mwangoka, Ulrich Hilleringmann

Show Abstract

Abstract:

The rise of urbanization and increase of human population correspond to the amount
of solid waste produced. Inappropriate solid waste management poses risk to the environment
as well as to the healthy living of people. Outmoded way of solid waste management is a
cumbersome and complex process, which utilizes more valued human effort, time and cost and
is not well matched with advancement in technologies. In this work, a smart bin solution is
shown with a three-layered architecture for IoT real time solid waste monitoring. The lower
layer is installed with sensors for measuring waste levels in smart bins; the middle layer is
comprised with both Wi-Fi and GSM technologies for data transmission to a central system. A
cloud service for receiving and storing data from the sensors is on the upper layer. In order to
collect waste, the corresponding cleaning service is notified whenever a smart bin level
threshold is reached. Ultrasonic ranger sensor and laser distance sensors were implemented and
tested. A web based system to store user’s information necessary for monitoring was also
developed. The technologies used in the proposed system can solve the problem associated with
solid waste monitoring and management and thus provides green environment.

Hide Abstract

THE EVALUATION OF TURKEY'S TRANSPORTATION POLICY UNDER THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS

Nuriye SAY, Nermin Merve YALÇINKAYA

Show Abstract

Abstract:

Transportation sector is one of the most fundamental sector supporting the
economic and social development in the contemporary societies. Today, due to the planning
of different transportation modes is not productive separately, it is agreed that different
transportation modes need to be planned as combined and coordinated structure based on
integrated approach.
The highway cargo and passenger transportations have the largest percentage in Turkey.
Accordingly, the social, economic and ecological problems have been observed caused by
single-mode transportation planning for many years. By the reason of Turkey located on the
point where three continents converged, the country has geopolitical position. The
transportation networks need to be determined by planning contemporary and
environmentally friendly both national and international transportation corridors included.
The transportation planning at the both national and international level has been intended to
provide within the frame of the sustainable policies in Turkey. Therefore, the significant
investments in transportation sector have been made in recent years.
In this study, the transportation policies from 1963 when the national development plans
(NDP) began to be prepared to now are examined and evaluated. Then, it is analyzed how the
policies related to transportation sector show an alteration and what is the factors affected the
alteration in this process including all the NDPs in Turkey.

Hide Abstract

THE INVESTIGATION OF SOCIAL PROBLEM SOLVING ABILITIES OF MOTHERS WITH PHYSICALLY DISABLED CHILDREN BY THE USE OF QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL METHOD

Begüm Fatma ARSLAN, Banu Yazgan İNANÇ, Sebahat AYDOS

Show Abstract

Abstract:

This research is an empirical study aims to develop social problem solving skills of
mothers with physical disabilities (cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy). The study group
consist of 30 mothers whose children receive physical treatment in a private rehabilitation
center in Kayseri. As a preliminary test, ‘Social Problem Solving Inventory Short Form’ and
general information form were administrated to the study group. Out of 30 participants
randomly selected 15 people formed the experiment group and 15 people formed the control
group.
Based on the Social Problem Solving Therapy principles, the training program with a psychoeducational
content, the cognitive behavioral therapy and including stated and moving games
were used in the experimental group for 5 weeks. No training was given to the control group
in this process.
When the variables were examined in an integrated way, a significant difference (p < 0,05)
was observed between the total score of the experiment group after training given to them and
their pre-training total score. It can be argued that the education given to the mothers is
effective in improving their social problem solving skills.

Hide Abstract

 

 

Current Issue

Past Issues